Democratisation, State and Society in the Middle East
GT 6.5 ¿La quinta ola de democratización? Procesos de cambio político en el siglo XXI en perspectiva comparada
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- Sesión 1
Día: miércoles,18 de septiembre de 2013
Hora: 15:00 a 00:00
The so-called "Arab spring" has swept throughout Middle East and North Africa against authoritarian forms of government, overthrowing regimes from West to East. After several aborted and repressed attempts, by Islamic parties, to access the institutions through the elections, mainly in the early 2000, the society rose in arms against the Arab State. In the forms of revolt, anger against the State repression has shaken the whole region. This article analyses the bases of confidence in the State in five Arab countries in an attempt to evaluate if the current events are taking the region in the correct direction for democratic stability, according to citizens expectations about state reforms.
The study is a quantitative analysis making extensive use of survey data gathered from the region. Conclusions reached indicate that, more than Islamisation of societies, citizens demand more respect for human rights and a higher participation and development of civil society.
Palabras clave: Arab State, Human Rights, Democracy, North Africa, Middle East