National and European issues in radical agendas. A comparative analysis of electoral programmes in UK, France and The Netherlands (1999-2014).

GT 3.11 Partidos políticos y crítica de la Unión Europea. Del euroescepticismo al radicalismo ideológico

Esther Masana Diego (Universidad de Granada)
Sesión 1
Día: miércoles,15 de julio de 2015
Hora: 09:00 a 11:30
Lugar: Aula 8

In the last few years, the presence of extreme right parties has spread across Western Europe. Some of them have managed to gain appreciable electoral support, especially in European Parliament (EP) Elections. That is the case of the Front National (FN) in France, the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP), and the Partij voor de Vrijheid (PVV) in the Netherlands. FN and UKIP have become the first political force in their respective countries in last EP Elections (2014) and PVV reached the third position. Hence, the main goal of this paper is analyzing the ideological discourse and attitudes towards Europe of these three parties using national and European manifestos from 1999 to 2014. We conclude that european issues also matter at national level. Secondly, it has been a radicalization of anti-immigration attitudes (PVV, UKIP), and a rise on the defence of national identity (PVV, FN) and economy against Europe (PVV). Finally, attitudes towards European integration in these parties have established between Euroesceptical and Euroreject positions.

Palabras clave: European integration, Extreme right parties, National manifesto, Euromanifesto