Área IV. Comportamiento Político
Responsable: Salvador Martí (USAL)
GT 4.2 Comportamiento político y edad
Antonio M. Jaime-Castillo (Universidad de Granada):
Explaining Demand for Redistribution over Time and Generations. The APC Approach
According to several theoretical models we should expect to find a relationship between age and support for welfare policies, given the life-cycle evolution of incomes. On the other hand, there must be also a cohort effect explaining differences in support for welfare policies because of the different context in which socialization takes place. However, little attention has been paid to this phenomenon within the empirical literature. The aim of this paper is to disentangle cohort and life-cycle effects in explaining support for redistribution and welfare policies. To address this research problem the Age-Period-Cohort (APC) methodology will be used. The APC analysis distinguishes three types of time-related variation effects: age effects associated with different age groups, period effects associated with variations over time periods and cohort effects that affect individuals born in the same year. Different estimation procedures allow separating the true sources of variation in the dependent variable. Data comes from the four waves of the Role of Government (ISSP), which makes possible to have data from different cohort at different points in time (from 1985 to 2006). Preliminary results show that support for welfare policies depends both on the cycle-life and cohort effects. Nevertheless, the magnitude of the effects varies over countries belonging to different welfare-regime.